Discover the unknown! This is the epitome of adventure, and especially designed for intrepid cyclists. Explore the lost Kingdom of Lo, dramatic landscapes of the Mustang Valley, and ancient Tibetan cultures. This trip runs Kathmandu to Kathmandu.
This is part of the new generation of Pioneering Grasshopper tours and unlike any other tour we offer.
Our newest exciting cycling adventure, this breathtaking journey will challenge you through the timeless Kingdom of Lo, the last bastion of traditional Tibetan Buddhism. This region was, until recently, forbidden to all foreigners.
This fascinating region requires a special restricted area permit to enter (so numbers are limited), which supports conservation of the area’s unique heritage. This landscape hosts incredible sculpted canyons with ancient cave monasteries, fortified medieval villages offering oases of green fields in the arid landscape of the Tibetan Plateau, wild trails over high passes and along stark ridge-lines - all set against the backdrop of the soaring snow-peaks of the Himalayas.
Lo, in the Upper Mustang region, is an ancient kingdom tucked away in northern Nepal at the headwaters of the 'deepest river gorge in the world', the Kali Gandaki. It is a remote and starkly beautiful section of the Tibetan Plateau, the high altitude desert bordered to the south by some of the Himalaya’s highest mountains. The fact that it now lies in Nepal rather than Tibet has enabled the people of the region to preserve their unique and fascinating Tibetan Buddhist culture and lifestyle; which now enables intrepid visitors to learn and experience this ancient way of life.
Our exploration of Upper Mustang takes us on some of the less travelled routes through this sun-drenched region; sometimes following the Kali Gandaki river-bed, other times biking on spectacular trails to passes high above it, and descending on awesome trails through gorges, wondering at the ancient cave dwellings and monasteries we see carved into the rugged mountainsides.
Now is the time to join us on this unforgettable adventure through the intriguing, untouched Mustang, while it still has a sense of the forbidden. These newly opened trails have to be biked to be believed.
13 days duration
233 km distance
Difficulty: Very challenging
Trip Features & Tour Inclusions
What makes Grasshopper so special?
Find out how your next ride goes the extra mile.
Click on each icon below to see more...
No matter where we are some things don’t change. Great bikes are essential to a great cycle tour. All the bikes we use are current Giant, hardtail mountain bikes, with appropriate tires, lockout front suspension and hydraulic disc brakes. Sizes available to suit all heights.
Grasshopper have always focused on quality riding and experiences, and accommodation and cuisine play a large part in this. Due to the pioneering nature and remoteness of this tours location, outside of the cities we will be staying in very basic tea houses, these are designed to accommodate travelling pilgrims and monks, and very rarely tourists. Grasshopper supplement these stays as much as possible with your own sleeping bags and blankets, arranging for hot water for washing etc. These tea houses are an incredible experience, the wonderful people who run them have a warmth and humour that is hard to find in the modern world - an experience always worth the ride. We understand the importance of a quality meal after a ride; we will open horizons in your culinary adventure, with delicious, authentic, and exciting local faire. From mouth-watering snacks presented mid-ride to the adventurous tasting of local delicacies you will never go hungry!
This tour has been hand crafted by our Expeditions Engineer, Blair Coburn. Blair brings with him a wealth of knowledge on all things Asian and is highly experienced in the delivery of outstanding expeditions. He will be supported by a well informed, English speaking local guide.
Pioneering tours have the same Grasshopper support systems as our regular tours. Groups of 4-8 guests will be accompanied by our expert local guide and our expedition leader. For groups of 8 or more, we will be joined by a cycle mechanic. Our support crew are always on hand to help tired riders whenever needed.
Full vehicle support follows riders at every step of the tour. The vehicles carry your luggage and bikes when not in use and there is always a comfortable seat when needed.
This is one of the few tours where we work with partners. In the remotest parts of Asia, we have worked very hard to seek out the finest partner businesses to work alongside us to create tours that are unique to Grasshopper. These businesses share the same attention to details and customer centred focus, working together to bring you the best possible cycle tour. Importantly, each tour is comprehensively researched in advance by the Expedition Leader.
Take It Home
A beautiful souvenir Grasshopper cycling jersey is yours to wear and take home. We also provide a Grasshopper drink bottle as an extra memento.
Our pioneering tours are designed for those who crave the edge of adventure, the wilds, the remote, the unusual. Those willing to push their limits for an insight into the less explored. The locations of our pioneering tours are on the more remote, less travelled roads, tracks and trails across Asia. We travel beyond the usual tourist areas.
Being pioneers doesn't stop us doing what we do best! The Grasshopper attention to details and quality service is ever present throughout all of our tours. From the time you arrive to the time you leave the details are taken care of. There are no additional (hidden) costs to our tours.
4 to 14
This tour is guaranteed for a minimum of 4 travellers. And we limit the group size to only 14 travellers so that you get all the attention you want in an intimate group.
There is no surcharge for single travellers - we will match you with another same sex single traveller. If you want a single room there is a an optional upgrade that you can book.
for Mighty Mustang
Welcome to Kathmandu
A driver will welcome you at the international airport, guiding you through the sensory overload of Kathmandu’s narrow, winding streets, and get you settled into your hotel. After check in, meet your guide for an afternoon bazaar walk, exploring the secret alleys and courtyards of old Kathmandu that most visitors don't get to experience, as well as a visit to the ancient Durbar Square. The perfect introduction to Kathmandu! In the evening we meet up at the hotel for the welcome briefing, before we take you out for a welcome dinner in a traditional Nepali restaurant. Meals: D
Explore the Kathmandu Valley, Fly to Pokhara
After breakfast today, we embark on a day of sightseeing, getting to know the incredible Kathmandu Valley. Where we will visit three out of an incredible seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the valley. The hilltop Swayambhunath Temple, also known as the Monkey Temple, the giant buddhist Stupa of Boudhanath, and one of the holiest Hindu temples in the world, the birthplace of Shiva, Pashupatinath temple with it’s cremation ghats on the banks of the sacred Bagmati River. After Pashupatinath we head to the nearby airport for a spectacular half hour flight along the mighty Himalayan Range, passing four of the world’s giant mountains over 8000m before landing in Pokhara. An experience not to be missed! Meals: BLD
Jomsom (2720m) Mountain Flight, Cycle to Kagbeni (2900m)
We are up early this morning for another spectacular mountain flight to the district headquarters of Mustang, Jomsom. Once on the ground we can look forward to being greeted by the sound of jingling horse bells as the Mustangi people pass by with their pony caravans. We have even seen a herd of yaks in the main street! We set off for Kagbeni, up along our stony jeep trail that runs beside a sandy riverbed, providing beautiful views of the surrounding peaks of Dhaulagiri, Tukuche and Nilgiri, and to the south the entire Annapurna Massif. Kagbeni is spectacularly situated atop a cliff overlooking the confluence of the great Kali Gandaki and the Jhong Khola rivers. It is an oasis of green fields in the midst of rocky mountains. This is the last village in Lower Mustang and guards the entrance into Upper Mustang. This ancient, partially ruined citadel town provides us with a taste of what is to come in upper Mustang, with its narrow alleyways and tunnels, irrigation canals, green fields of barley and the newly-restored brick-red giant Sakya Gompa (800 years old). About 12km biking. Meals: BLD
Cycle to Muktinath (3800m), Return to Kagbeni (2900m)
This morning get up bright and early to catch the sunrise over the
stunning Himalayan peaks, best viewed with a steaming hot cup of Nepali
tea! After a hearty breakfast we will start the mega climb up to
Muktinath, this will feel like a lot of work as we are at altitude but
it is a great way to make sure we are acclimatised for the altitudes of
Upper Mustang. Muktinath, is a very important Hindu pilgrimage site,
located high above us at 3800m.
From here we have a couple of intoxicating descent options, depending on how we feel. We can cruise back down the jeep trail, or we can ride the single track down through the Lupra Valley (visiting a unique Bonpo Monastery on the way) and hit the main trail from Jomsom, finishing off on the jeep trail to Kagbeni. Note: This is important as an acclimatisation day. Meals: BLD
Cycle to Tsaile (3060m)
Today we enter the forbidden Kingdom, Upper Mustang. We follow a rough
jeep trail north high about the river. We ride past the little town of
Tangbe, with plenty of time to get off the bike and have a look around
town; Chuksang on the riverbed at 2950m, dominated by a crumbling Dzong
or fortress; and crossing the Kali Gandaki river we see clusters of
ancient caves high up on the dramatic rock face and a naturally-formed
tunnel. We push on a short distance up into Tsaile, a lively village
with several guest houses and extensive wheat and barley fields and
From Tsaile northwards, life becomes increasingly Tibetan... the Tibet of a lost time! Sheep horns adorn the houses, and there are protective amulets (Zor) in the shape of crosses on the walls of the houses. These Zor capture evil spirits in their web and protect the inhabitants of the household. Meals: BLD
Cycle to Ghemi (3570m)
A hard start to the morning, ascending steeply to a ridge-line above the
town. We are rewarded with scenery that is simply awesome as we arrive
at a spectacular, steep canyon-side trail leading towards the Dajori La
Having 'conquered' our second pass of the tour, we contour on a fantastic flowing trail down into Samar with its lovely poplar grove, formerly a staging post for Khampa raids into Tibet. Passing through the village’s charming entrance and exit chortens (stupa), we plunge down on a steep, switch-back trail to the Samarkyung Khola river. From here we portage as we ascend steeply on a rough trail until it widens out and we hit the contour, climbing up to the chorten-topped Bhena La (3840m). We have a great sweeping trail past the seasonal Bhena village before dropping into a rocky stream and then climbing sharply up to the Beg La past the deserted village of Yamda. Eventually reaching the Yamda La, at 3985 metres, we are rewarded with a pass topped by a large cairn and a tangle of multi-coloured Tibetan prayer flags. The views from the top are awe-inspiring! So we stop for a break to take it all in.
Soon we meet up with the road that is being pushed through from Lo. From here on, we cycle on amazing jeep trails and our portage days are behind us. We head down into the small hamlet of Shyangmochen (3765m) and have a short climb to the Shyangmochen La, where the trail intersects a wide east-west valley, and it’s a fast descent and short climb to the picturesque village of Geling. There is an old gompa above the village, ancient meditation caves in the eroded cliffs visible above and traditional Mustangi houses surrounded by barley fields.
From Geling we climb steadily on a good trail to reach the Nyi La (4000m), where we descend and contour around to the Ghemi La and then descend steeply down to the large village of Ghemi (3570m), marvelling at the red oxide and silver hues of the towering cliffs across the valley. This is yet another stunning village, with tiny streets and high walled houses creating the 'fortified' feeling so characteristic of this region. Meals: BLD
Cycle to Lo Manthang, via Tsarang
From Ghemi this morning we have only a few hours to reach the fortified
village of Tsarang where we stop for lunch and a look around. Tsarang is
a large village built on top of the Tsarang Khola canyon, and is
dominated by a huge Tibetan-styled fortified palace built in 1378, and
the large, ochre-hued Tsarang Gompa, of the Gelugpa school, with the
greatest library in Lo. The dzong has a wonderful, old prayer room with a
gold-printed prayer book and a fascinating array of statues, thankas
and large Buddha paintings – if you’re lucky the resident lama will show
you the withered 500 year old hand of the master architect of the
Leaving Tsarang on a trail leading down and across a small river, we climb steeply up a rocky trail to a cairn on the opposite ridge and then follow the Thuling Khola on the new, dirt road towards Lo. The multi-hued canyons wrap themselves impressively around us, and in the distance we see the huge Sungda Khola. Once past that landmark, we reach the tiny, green doksa of Sungdala, where we’ll stop for tea and maybe lunch at the one small tea-house. Continuing along the trail, the landscape becomes very Tibetan in character, the high desert plains of the Himalaya. We start to see snow peaks ahead of us as we near the Lo La at 3960 metres. Tunnels of rock, and webs of beautiful prayer flags lead to wonderful views down to Lo Manthang and the aptly named ‘Plain of Aspiration’, below us.
We cruise down the trail and head across the plain into the famed city of Lo Manthang, where we’ll settle in to a local tea house and start exploring the city and its many gompas. Looking over the city in it’s mystical golden, yellow glow, as the local people bring their sheep and horses inside the city gates for the night. Meals: BLD
Explore Lo Manthang & Cycle the Chosar Valley
The fabled walled city of Lo Manthang, with a single entrance through
which only the King, Queen and Kempo (Abbot) are allowed to ride (all
others must walk, to pay their respects to Chenrezig), is a mythical
city like no other. The ancient, walled city of Lo Manthang is described
by UNESCO as having no place of comparison!
There are four major temples within the medieval walls of Lo Manthang, dating back to the 14th century, including interesting features such as the striking 50 foot ‘Jamba’ or Future Buddha, the largest clay statue in Nepal until a few years ago. Situated here is also the Raja’s Palace, home to the present King Raja Jigme and Queen ‘Rani Sahib’, and an interesting maze of a village to explore. Ther local houses are inhabited by the Lo-ba (people of Lo); many still practice polyandry (where wives take multiple husbands).
Some time after lunch we mount up and ride out of Lo Manthang heading north along a wide, canyon trail, past dry gullies and an ancient, ruined fortress. We meander past a stunning deep-red Gharphu Gompa built into the rock face, and an incredible 2500 year old cave-dwelling site which you can negotiate by ladders and through small tunnels. Meals: BLD
Cycle via Lo Gekar & Dhakmar to Jhaite
Sadly, we must leave magical Lo Manthang, we head out the gates of Lo
and make our way southwest, off the main trading trails and into an area
criss- crossed with herder tracks. The trail climbs steadily to a cairn
on a pass at 4000m, where we can stop to have a rest and enjoy the
amazing view out to the south, back to Lo Manthang and all the way up to
the border with Tibet.
Our trail continues to climb the ridge and cross the Chogo La, at 4325m, our highest point on our ride. From here we have an amazing craving trail that traverses above a vast grass valley. We cross the Tsarang Khola and approach Lo Gekar (which means 'pure virtue of Lo') and the Ghar Gompa, built by the Guru Rinpoche, who took Buddhism to Tibet. It's truly humbling to visit this Gompa, knowing it was the very first Tibetan Buddhist monastery!
Our trail now climbs up to our next pass, the Mui La at 4170m before we descend gently through a wide, open landscape to the edge of the Dhakmar valley. Here we drop down steeply through an eerie but stunningly eroded landscape to the beautiful village of Dhakmar, set against cliffs said to be so red because it is the blood of an ogress conquered by Guru Rinpoche before he could build the Ghar Gompa. From here we ride down the stunning valley to Ghemi, where we rejoin the jeep trails we rode up on, we climb to Ghemi La before an exhilarating downhill to Jhaite where we spend the night. Meals: BLD
Cycle to Chuksang (2950m)
This morning we are treated to a hearty Tibetan breakfast before we
follow the trail down the valley to Chuksang. As we are now riding south
we get we have great view many towering peaks including Dhaulagiri,
Nilgiri, Tukche Peak, Tilicho Peak, and Thorang Peak.
We have a couple of small passes between Chuksang and Sama and then the lovely downhill to Tsaile, just below here we cross the river and the last little stretch into Chuksang, where we spend our last night in Upper Mustang. Meals: BLD
Cycle to Jomsom
Today we will bid farewell to Upper Mustang after an incredible journey
into this remote Kingdom. After breakfast we are back on jeep trails,
riding downriver for a while before climbing to the village of Tangbe
(3030m), a labyrinth of narrow alleys and white-washed houses,
surrounded by apple orchards and fields of buckwheat, barley and wheat.
From here we continue on the jeep trail through a valley and a good
climb onto a plateau above the river, which we ride until we hit the
‘Nepali flat’ before dropping into Kagbeni, our familiar haunt from the
early days of our journey. Here we leave Upper Mustang and enjoy the
seemingly huge variety of food now that we are back on the more heavily
visited trekking trails of Lower Mustang.
After lunch we head out down the familiar trail to Jomsom, battling against the mighty afternoon winds, caused by the pressure difference of the Himalayas with the plains of India, the Kali Gandaki gorge is a wind tunnel which channels the warmer air from the lowlands up to the heights above us. Meals: BLD
Fly to Kathmandu via Pokhara
We board an early morning mountain flight from Jomsom, switching planes in Pokhara for a Kathmandu flight, and if both flights run on time, then you will arrive back in Kathmandu in time for a delicious lunch! You have the rest of the day free to see the sights of Kathmandu, shop the bazaar for last minute gifts, or just to relax with a massage (you’ve earned it). Meals: BLD
Conclusion of Tour in Kathmandu
We’ll enjoy our final breakfast in Nepal, sharing one last round of tales about the trip, then we’ll transfer you to the airport, bid farewell, and look forward to our paths crossing again. Farewell, for now… Meals: B
What's the Riding Like?
Dirt roads & trails
Max. altitude 4325m
9 days riding
The majority of the riding is on dirt roads, rough and ready jeep tracks
and these are fun enough, but we also have some simply unbelievable
single trail riding. The trails take us over high passes and on long
sweeping downhills, through crazy canyons and along wild ridgelines –
all the while looking out to the Himalayan Range. The riding on this
tour is tough and some experience with single track riding is advised.
Although not extremely technical and difficult the single track is
challenging and does require skill; for some of the most
technical sections of riding, it may be possible to avoid them with the
option of riding on the jeep track.
We are riding through the heart of the Himalayas, the highest point is a pass at 4325m (day 9), where altitude is a factor to consider. The tour is designed to reduce altitude sickness with planned acclimatisation days. Altitude affects everyone differently, some people will feel no difference, some will feel a slight shortness of breath, where cycling will feel more difficult. These symptoms will fade as you become acclimated. This tour is not a race, resting, and pacing yourself is very important.
With all the incredible trails carving down breathtaking valleys, there are always the climbs! Most of the climbs are rideable on steady gradients on quality jeep tracks. There are some short climbs off the jeep track that are not rideable, where the bikes need to be portaged (carried), this will be achieved by porters and you are not required to do so. During the tour we do make sure that there are more downs than ups! Short climbs lead to sections of contouring trails and long sustained downhill sections. The daily distances are kept short, due to the need for resting, with the longest day being 32km. The mixture of adventurous cycling and travel in high and remote areas, makes this our most challenging tour. We have rated it five out of five stars.
With the use of the support vehicle riders who might find this ride a little too challenging can still experience the adventure that this tour presents by using the support vehicle when the conditions get too hard.
What our guests tell us...
Just a selection of reviews from some of our Pioneering Tours.
Thang (our guide) and his team were top class: professional, organised, helpful, passionate, knowledgable, and made everything run like clockwork. It is impossible to put into words just how outstanding this tour is. We experienced authentic Vietnam...
Every day was a new adventure! The riding was challenging but very fun, especially downhill! I had an amazing trip surrounded by amazing people! Any problem we faced got worked out. Even though some things
didn't go as planned, it all went pretty smooth.
Excellent adventure with very high standards of hotels, food, crew, company and knowledge of two thousand years of history.
What a fantastic experience! I understand this trip is relatively new but was executed flawlessly by Thang, a professional guide who is able to connect on a personal level. The route was well thought out and ordered, the regions were diverse and special places to visit, and I have pretty much only good things to say about the trip at the end of it. Highly recommended.
This was an outstanding trip. Thang was a great guide, the bike and equipment were first rate, and the experience was excellent in every way.
Other Grasshopper Pioneering Tours
If you've caught the bug for pioneering travel to remote locations have a look at the tours below to see what exciting destinations are available with Grasshopper Adventures. Traverse Nepal via the ancient Tibetan trade routes, or lose yourself in the wonderful Nadaam festival of Mongolia, before venturing out to explore the great steppe. How about riding through the beautifully remote wild lands of Uzbekistan? Or circumnavigating Timor Leste?
10 day tour in Vietnam
A mountainous road ride for those who love a challenge...
13 day tour in Mongolia
Get out to the far corners of Asia in the open spaces of Mongolia...
13 day tour in Vietnam
A tour of ultimate contrasts from the rugged north to the inviting beaches of the central coast...
14 day tour in China
Mystical Shangri-La, stunning Tiger Leaping Gorge and the old town of Lijiang ...
14 day tour in Uzbekistan
A true adventure in the mountain gorges and desert oases of central Asia....
14 days in Cambodia & Vietnam
A great overland adventure...
14 day tour in Timor Leste
A true mountain biking adventure in the lost paradise of Asia's youngest country...
9 days in Thailand
Head off into the mountainous borderlands by the mighty Mekong River...
14 day tour in Japan
Cycle through a land of ancient castles, Shinto shrines and Buddhist monasteries...
7 day tour in Vietnam
An expedition by bike into the mountainous northeast...
6 day tour in Cambodia
Discover Cambodia beyond the temples on amazing single track..