These 10 Ancient cities of Southeast Asia are more than piles of stone and rubble. They are windows opening to a truly mesmerizing past, calling you on a thrilling bike adventure to discover the amazing ingenuity and prosperity of surprisingly advanced ancient civilizations.
Learn about these incredible civilizations and their dramatic histories from the seat of a bicycle or perhaps flying above in a balloon. Join one of our tours to these ancient sites and with a knowledgeable local guide and experience all the wonders of the glorious past.
1 - Angkor Wat, Cambodia
This area around Siem Reap was first settled in the 9th century, and the golden age of the Khmer Empire came in the 13th century. At the heart of the Khmer Empire lies Angkor Wat which was, and still is today, a wonder to behold. The Khmer Empire was an advanced civilization outshining its contemporary medieval European cities with its complex irrigation system, sophisticated engineering and extensive road networks.
Angkor Wat is the largest religious monument in the world with both Hindu and Buddhist influences. It is one of the most visited UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the world.
Recommended Day Tour: Angkor Sunrise Discovery
Recommended Multi-day Tour: Angkor In Style
2 - Ava (Inwa), Myanmar
Also known Ratnapura, the City of Gems, Ava was the last imperial capital of the Burmese kings before the arrival of the British Empire. The remnants of this once great city are strewn over the countryside of trees and fields along the banks of the Irrawaddy River. Some of the ancient Buddhist monuments are still active monasteries today.
3 - Ayutthaya, Thailand
Once the capital of Siam, Ayutthaya was a major trading center where west met east. Ayutthaya sits on a man-made island at the confluence of three rivers, the Chao Phraya, Lopburi and Passak. Although the city was destroyed in a war with the Burmese, the surviving monuments, a UNESCO World Heritage Centre, are found amidst the modern city of Ayutthaya. A visit to Ayutthaya makes a good day trip from Bangkok or a convenient stopover on the way to Chiang Mai.
Recommended Day Tour: Bike Historic Ayutthaya
4 - Bagan, Myanmar
The Pagan Kingdom was the first kingdom to unite the area that would become modern-day Myanmar. For 200 hundred years, Bagan was the capital and during this time over 10,000 Buddhist temples were constructed in and around the city. Over 2,000 survive to the present day. The 26 sq mile Bagan Archaeological Zone is on the banks of the Irrawaddy and is an incredible sight to behold.
Recommended Day Tour: Bagan Morning Ride
Recommended Multi-day Tour: Bagan to Salay Off the Beaten Path
5 - Hoi An, Vietnam
This UNESCO World Heritage Site was the principal port of the Cham Kingdom controlling the spice trade between Indonesia and China. Hoi An Ancient Town is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a Southeast Asian trading port dating from the 15th to the 19th century, with buildings and a street plan that reflect both indigenous and foreign influences.
Recommended Day Tour: Hoi An Countryside
Recommended Multi-day Tour: Hoi An & Central Vietnam Discovery
6 - Old City Chiang Mai, Thailand
This city served as the capital of 2 different ancient kingdoms, the Kingdom of Lanna and the Kingdom of Chiang Mai. The Old City of Chiang Mai exists within the modern city of Chiang Mai. Surrounded by ancient walls and moat, the old city boasts many well-preserved ancient temples which are still in use today.
Recommended Day Tour: Bike Historic Old City Chiang Mai
Recommended Multi-day Tour: Chiang Mai Kingdoms of the North Bike Tour
8 - Luang Prabang, Laos
This town on the banks of the Mekong River was once the royal seat of the Kingdom of a Million Elephants. The town’s status as a World Heritage Site has ensured that much of its charm is preserved. This city, surrounded by mountains, is the heart of Lao culture, rich in tradition and a joy to visit.
Recommended Multi-day Tour: Mountains of Laos
9 - Si Satchanalai, Thailand
This historical park is a delight to tour on a bike. Si Satchanalai was the second center of the Kingdom of Sukhothai and the home to the crown prince. Si Satchanalai means ‘City of the Good People.’ The marvels of this UNESCO World Heritage Site include 138 well-preserved monuments known for their serene images of the Buddha.
Established as an early trading center, the Kingdom of Sukhothai broke away from the Khmer Empire, founding a kingdom that has become recognized as the origin of the Thai nation. Known for its art and culture, many modern Thai cultural traditions can be traced to Sukhothai. Among these is the Loi Kratong Festival during the full moon in November. The historical park, a World Heritage Site, is at its most beautiful when illuminated during the weekend evenings or special festivals.
Recommended Multi-day Tour: Cycle Bangkok to Chiang Mai